Apply by: 13 December 2021 | To start: 10 January 2022
180 credits • 2 years part-time • £8,880 total fees
This module aims to give you an insight into the theoretical, legal, practical and ethical issues surrounding corporate governance and its influence on the management structure of modern companies. The module will incorporate the analysis and evaluation of the issues within a company which arise from the separation of ownership and control. It will explore the relationships which exist between directors, shareholders, management, the company itself and other internal and external stakeholders, to establish the role of corporate governance in defining these relationships.
You will have the opportunity to develop a firm understanding of the concept of corporate governance and the basic principles underlying the implementation of UK and international corporate governance codes and principles. In particular, you will be equipped to examine key issues such as in whose interest companies are run, the conflict between shareholders, other stakeholders and the board of directors, the mechanisms in place to ensure that shareholders’ interests are protected, the role of the board of directors, the proper functioning of the board and issues surrounding remuneration.
Jurisprudence and Legal Theory
Jurisprudence is the theory or philosophy of law, the study of philosophical questions about the nature of law, its relation to morality, what determines its validity and normativity, and theories about its social significance and how it operates.
This module provides a more theoretical enquiry into the nature, purpose, limits and value of law. You will be given the opportunity to receive a sound understanding of the theories of different jurisprudential schools of thought and consider broad philosophical questions about law and its relation to justice. The aim of the module is to provide you with background knowledge of the science or philosophy of law and its relationship to morality. You will be equipped to learn how jurisprudence has contributed to the development of modern political, economic and legal systems. In addition, the module is placed in a modern setting and aims to raise contemporary ethical debates in order to raise awareness of the ethical background against which the law and legal practice needs to be understood.
Human Rights Law
This module aims to develop a critical understanding of international human rights institutions, and the way they are used to promote and protect the rights of individuals. By looking at the functioning of the United Nations, of regional mechanisms (such as the European Convention on Human Rights), and the enforcement of international human rights standards at the global, regional and domestic levels, students can develop a deeper understanding of the reasons behind the successes and the failures of human rights international organisations.
In this module you will be introduced to the different methods of international dispute resolution in a public law context. This module explores the legal frameworks governing international dispute resolution along with both the political and legal context and concerns relating to them.
The module aims to examine the principal approaches to the settlement of international disputes in public international law. Students can gain an understanding of the nature of international disputes, and the options for resolving them and how a chosen option might be informed by the type of dispute presented. Some of the key issues this module will explore include: the legal and political factors relevant to selecting dispute resolution approaches; the choices that are available to the parties; the informal resolution structures such as negotiation, mediation, conciliation and inquiry; the role of arbitration in international disputes; and the use of the International Court of Justice.
Environmental law has become increasingly significant through the impacts that pollution can have at the national and international levels and especially through the harm that it can cause to humans. These issues are compounded by increasing threats to biodiversity and the major challenge caused by climate change.
This module will examine the development and operation of international environmental law, considering in particular the historical evolution of the law, the elaboration of multilateral environmental regimes (for example, regarding climate change) and the increasing judicial attention given to environmental issues. Environmental degradation, as well as measures taken to remedy environmental degradation (or, at least, reduce its impact) have enormous economic consequences and raise the prospect of significant costs.
International Economic and Investment Law
Since the Second World War, finance and trade have been subject to increasing regulation. Collective regulation orchestrated by the Bretton Woods institution has focused on preventing the economic depression that occurred prior to the war whilst ensuring that countries are better able to grow economically and develop.
This module focuses on the rules of public international law and the relevant international institutions concerned with the international economic relations of states (other than international trade). Seeking to place the law in a historical and socio-economic context, the module will examine the operation and activities of inter alia, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank Group and the World Trade Organization.
Advanced Law of Obligations
This module aims to build both a foundational and advanced level of understanding of the law of obligations. It will mainly focus on the legal frameworks of England and Wales concerning tort and contract. After establishing foundational knowledge, it will build up to an advanced level of comprehension, going beyond identifying legal principles to develop critical analytic skills and legal reasoning. It will situate the law of obligations within the normative frameworks of corrective and distributive justice and historicise the continuing co-evolution of the bodies of contract law and tort.
The module will introduce the basic principles of contract law so that you can develop a firm understanding of the creation of contracts, contractual terms, and discharge of contract. It will then introduce the basic principles of the tort of negligence, before introducing the personal and land torts, such as defamation, misuse of private information and nuisance. Throughout the module you will have the opportunity to engage with critical perspectives to facilitate advanced learning and evaluative skills. This aims to equip you with the ability to identify the underlying values reflected within the civil law of obligations and to foster critical skills to identify excluded perspectives and values.
International Criminal Justice
This module provides the opportunity for you to develop a critical understanding of the idea of international criminal justice. For this purpose, it addresses key concepts and policies underlying the enforcement of international criminal law considering the legal and political environment in which international criminal courts and tribunals operate as well as whether these institutions are effective for the pursuit of justice and peace within the international system.
It further develops this discussion through the analysis of the substantive law of international crimes and the efforts undertaken to reconcile the interests of different stakeholders. Taking into account the challenges put forward by the reduction of international criminal justice to international criminal prosecution, the module explores alternative means for the pursuit of justice and peace within the international system.
Dissertation or Business Case
As part of the award of the LLM degree, the dissertation module is aimed at providing you with the opportunity to engage in a research project based on a research topic of your choice. The process of identifying a subject area of law which induces an interest for further research is a valuable learning experience. Developing a research proposal which involves articulating a research question that you seek to address and elaborating on the process which would enable the research project to be undertaken is part of the developmental learning embedded in the postgraduate study in this LLM programme.
Working with an assigned supervisor for the dissertation will enable you to explore your research topic in depth and provide a dissertation which addresses your topic at the expected level. The process of writing the dissertation enhances the knowledge and skills gained on the LLM programme and provides you with research capabilities which are transferable across various domains.