Apply by: 17 October 2022 | To start: 31 October 2022
180 credits • 2 years part-time • £8,880 total fees
This module aims to give you an insight into the theoretical, legal, practical and ethical issues surrounding corporate governance and its influence on the management structure of modern companies. The module will incorporate the analysis and evaluation of the issues within a company which arise from the separation of ownership and control. It will explore the relationships which exist between directors, shareholders, management, the company itself and other internal and external stakeholders, to establish the role of corporate governance in defining these relationships.
You will have the opportunity to develop a firm understanding of the concept of corporate governance and the basic principles underlying the implementation of UK and international corporate governance codes and principles. In particular, you will be equipped to examine key issues such as in whose interest companies are run, the conflict between shareholders, other stakeholders and the board of directors, the mechanisms in place to ensure that shareholders’ interests are protected, the role of the board of directors, the proper functioning of the board and issues surrounding remuneration.
Environmental law has become increasingly significant through the impacts that pollution can have at the national and international levels and especially through the harm that it can cause to humans. These issues are compounded by increasing threats to biodiversity and the major challenge caused by climate change.
This module will examine the development and operation of international environmental law, considering in particular the historical evolution of the law, the elaboration of multilateral environmental regimes (for example, regarding climate change) and the increasing judicial attention given to environmental issues. Environmental degradation, as well as measures taken to remedy environmental degradation (or, at least, reduce its impact) have enormous economic consequences and raise the prospect of significant costs.
Human Rights Law
This module aims to develop a critical understanding of international human rights institutions, and the way they are used to promote and protect the rights of individuals. By looking at the functioning of the United Nations, of regional mechanisms (such as the European Convention on Human Rights), and the enforcement of international human rights standards at the global, regional and domestic levels, students can develop a deeper understanding of the reasons behind the successes and the failures of human rights international organisations.
In this module you will be introduced to the different methods of international dispute resolution in a public law context. This module explores the legal frameworks governing international dispute resolution along with both the political and legal context and concerns relating to them.
The module aims to examine the principal approaches to the settlement of international disputes in public international law. Students can gain an understanding of the nature of international disputes, and the options for resolving them and how a chosen option might be informed by the type of dispute presented. Some of the key issues this module will explore include: the legal and political factors relevant to selecting dispute resolution approaches; the choices that are available to the parties; the informal resolution structures such as negotiation, mediation, conciliation and inquiry; the role of arbitration in international disputes; and the use of the International Court of Justice.
Jurisprudence and Legal Theory
Jurisprudence is the theory or philosophy of law, the study of philosophical questions about the nature of law, its relation to morality, what determines its validity and normativity, and theories about its social significance and how it operates.
This module provides a more theoretical enquiry into the nature, purpose, limits and value of law. You will be given the opportunity to receive a sound understanding of the theories of different jurisprudential schools of thought and consider broad philosophical questions about law and its relation to justice. The aim of the module is to provide you with background knowledge of the science or philosophy of law and its relationship to morality. You will be equipped to learn how jurisprudence has contributed to the development of modern political, economic and legal systems. In addition, the module is placed in a modern setting and aims to raise contemporary ethical debates in order to raise awareness of the ethical background against which the law and legal practice needs to be understood.
International Economic and Investment Law
Since the Second World War, finance and trade have been subject to increasing regulation. Collective regulation orchestrated by the Bretton Woods institution has focused on preventing the economic depression that occurred prior to the war whilst ensuring that countries are better able to grow economically and develop.
This module focuses on the rules of public international law and the relevant international institutions concerned with the international economic relations of states (other than international trade). Seeking to place the law in a historical and socio-economic context, the module will examine the operation and activities of inter alia, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank Group and the World Trade Organization.
International Law & World Order
The aim of this module is to introduce you to a dynamic area of law that has contemporary relevance in a rapidly changing world order. The module aims to introduce you to key principles of international law such as the sources, creation and structure of international law, how states are created, state responsibility for breaches of international law, and how international disputes are resolved. It also aims to give you an insight into international law’s practical and contemporary application within the context of the world order. By examining both theoretical and practical applications of international law, the module will give you the opportunity to gain a critical understanding of the impact and operation of this area of law through applying the principles you have learned to topical subjects.
International Business Law
Businesses engage in international transactions subject to varying global and local laws. In an increasingly interconnected world, an in-depth understanding of the laws governing such transactions alongside commercial relationships is critical. Whilst focusing on examining the laws and regulations that govern international business transactions, this module also facilitates an understanding of the dynamic nature of legal relationships between businesses, individuals and states. The module focuses on two core transactions that are of central importance to international sale of goods – contracts for the sale of goods, and contracts for carriage. With regards to sale of goods contracts, it considers contracts governed either by the English Law (Sale of Goods Act 1979) or by the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods 1980 (“CISG”). In relation to Contracts for Carriage, it considers the different types of carriage contract, the problems of carriage of goods by sea, and methods of payment. These core contracts are critical in enabling you with the opportunity to gain a strong understanding of the law in relation to international business transactions.
Dissertation or Business Case
As part of the award of the LLM degree, the dissertation module is aimed at providing you with the opportunity to engage in a research project based on a research topic of your choice. The process of identifying a subject area of law which induces an interest for further research is a valuable learning experience. Developing a research proposal which involves articulating a research question that you seek to address and elaborating on the process which would enable the research project to be undertaken is part of the developmental learning embedded in the postgraduate study in this LLM programme.
Working with an assigned supervisor for the dissertation will enable you to explore your research topic in depth and provide a dissertation which addresses your topic at the expected level. The process of writing the dissertation enhances the knowledge and skills gained on the LLM programme and provides you with research capabilities which are transferable across various domains.